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Stone Plastic Art in Aghdam

Stone plastic art of the Aghdam District is very rich from the historical point of view. Its most ancient examples were revealed in 1973 in the village of Boyahmadli. It is talked about anthropomorphous (human-shaped) figures carved out of stone. Approximately 10 such figures were discovered up till the present. The height of these figures is 1-3 m. Their bodies are crudely carved, and their faces are shaped in a laconic and abstract way. These figures’ relief-carved arms are clasped to their bodies in a certain ritual position. All these signs give reasons to talk about the ritual character of these monuments. Information about the existence of this kind of monument in the territory of Azerbaijan is to be found in medieval literature, historical annals, and travelers’ notes. Investigators date the aforesaid monuments to the Early Middle Ages. There is a need to mention that analogues of these figures were discovered in the Barda district. This fact gives every reason to believe that these examples of stone plastic art relate to the common cultural tradition and the common cultural space.

Among other plastic examples are memorial tombstones. Most of them cover the period of the Late Middle Ages (16th—18th century). This type of monument includes both topical reliefs and compositions made of the unity of epigraphic inscriptions with traditional floral ornaments (Ughurlu bey’s grave, 19th century).

  1. Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Garabakh: The Eternal Memory of Azerbaijan Heritage, (2008), p. 215.

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